1547. Ciconia nigra.
The Black Stork.
Ardea nigra, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 235 (1766). Ciconia nigra, Blyth, Cat. p. 277 ; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 735; Butler Hume, S. F. iv, p. 22; Fairbank, ibid. p. 263; Davidson Wend. S. F. vii, p. 90; Hume, Cat, no. 918; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 359 ; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 98 ; Scully, ibid. p. 591; Butler, S. F. ix, p. 433 ; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 323; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 376. Melanopelargus nigra, Hume, S. F. i, p. 252; Ball, S. F. ii, p. 433 ; v, p. 420; vii, p. 230. Surmai, H.
Coloration. Deep blackish brown, glossed with purple, green, and bronze ; sides of head glossed bronze; fore neck bronzy green, followed by a purple gorget; upper breast glossed green; lower breast, abdomen, flanks, and under tail-coverts white.
Beak, naked skin round the eye, and legs red, with an orange tinge ; irides reddish brown (Dresser).
Length 40; tail 10 ; wing 21; tarsus 8 ; bill from gape 8.
Distribution, The greater part of Europe, Africa, and Asia. This Stork breeds in temperate Europe and Asia and migrates southward in winter. Large numbers visit the Punjab and Northern Sind at that season, and smaller numbers occur throughout Northern India, Assam, and the Deccan, but the species has not been observed in Southern India, Ceylon, or Burma.
Habits, &c, In India Black Storks usually occur in flocks, which are frequently of large size. This bird much resembles the White Stork in habits, but does not breed about human dwellings.