809. White Stork.
Ciconia alba, Bechst. Naturg. Deutschl, iii. p. 48 (1793) ; Naum. ix. p. 231, Taf. 228 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 317, pl. lxxxiv. fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. iv. p. 283 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 30 ; Dresser, vi. p. 297, pl. 405 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 299 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 369 ; Saunders, p. 387 ; Lilford, vii. p. 41, pl. 15.
Cigogne, French ; Cegonha, Portug. ; Ciguena, Span. ; Cigogna, Ital. ; Storch, German ; Stork, Dan. and Swed. ; Aist, Russ. ; Leglek, Tartar ; Badjah, Arab. ; Lag-lag, Hindu.
Male ad. (Albania). Plumage pure white, except the quills, scapulars, and larger wing coverts which are glossy black ; secondaries washed with grey on the outer web ; bare skin round the eye black ; chin naked and reddish, but black at the base of bill ; beak and legs coral red ; iris brown. Culmen 7.0, wing 22.5, tail 9.0, tarsus 8.9. Female similar but rather smaller.
Hab. Temperate and southern Europe, occurring rarely in southern Sweden, Finland, and Great Britain ; wintering in Africa as far south as the Transvaal ; Central and temperate Asia as far east as northern India.
In most parts where the Stork is found it is protected, being supposed by the peasantry to bring luck to the farm in which it builds. It feeds on frogs, insect-larvae, rats, mice, snakes, fish.
&c. I have never heard Storks utter any cry, but during the breeding season they make a great clattering with their bills. They affect the vicinity of man greatly and usually build on a born or house, making a huge nest of sticks lined with grass or any soft material, but they frequently build on trees. The eggs, 3 to 5 in number, are usually laid late in May, and are pure white, measuring about 3.15 by 2.17.
809. Ciconia alba
809. White Stork.