956. Chrysophlegma humii.
The Chequered-throated Woodpecker.
Gecinus mentalis, apud Blyth, Cat. p. 59 (nec Picus mentalis, Temm.). Chrysophlegma mentalis, apud Blyth, Birds Burma, p. 76. Callolophus mentalis, apud Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 138; Hume, Cat. no. 175 his ; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 46. Chrysophlegma squamicolle, apud Hargitt, Ibis, 1886, p. 269 (nec Picus squamicollis, Lesson). Chrysophlegma humii, Hargitt, Ibis, 1889, p. 231 ; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 126.
Coloration. Male. Top and sides of head olive-green ; occipital crest of loose-textured feathers bright yellow; back, scapulars, tertiaries, and rump olive-green, paler than the head; wing-coverts, outer borders of secondaries throughout, and of primaries near base dull red; remainder of wing-feathers brown, secondaries broadly barred on the inner webs and primaries on both webs, except near the tips, with rufous ; tail black; a broad malar band from the lower mandible dark olive, sometimes brown, spotted with white; feathers of the chin and throat white, each with a broad brown shaft-stripe; sides of neck, fore neck, and upper breast bright chestnut, this colour passing round to the hind neck behind the crest; lower parts from breast olive-green, rather more olive than the back. Under wing-coverts barred brown and pale rufous or dirty orange.
In the female the chin and malar band are chestnut like the breast and not spotted.
Upper mandible dull black, lower mandible and edges of upper near nostrils pale plumbeous ; irides deep red; orbital skin green ; legs and feet green; claws plumbeous.
Length 11 ; tail 3.9 ; wing 5.25 ; tarsus .9 ; bill from gape 1.5.
Distribution. Malayan Peninsula, Borneo and Sumatra, extending north into the southern extremity of the Tenasserim provinces, where this Woodpecker is rare. The true C. mentale, long supposed to be identical with the present species, is peculiar to Java.