1406. Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus delesserti

(1406) Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus delesserti (Math.).
THE SOUTHERN LARGER GOLDEN-BACKED WOODPECKER.
Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus delesserti, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 80.
This Woodpecker has a curious distribution. It is found practi¬cally all over Southern India South of Bombay City and Orissa. In Buraia it occurs throughout Peninsular Tenasserim and Siam. These latter birds have been separated by Hesse under the name malayanicus and by Kloss as chersonesus, but I have been unable to find any constant differences.
Davison and Darling gave Hume notes on this Woodpecker which he summarizes as follows :—The Southern Golden-backed Woodpecker breeds in the Nilghiris at elevations of from 5,500 to 7,000 feet. It lays in December, January find February in large holes, which it excavates for itself in trunks of trees at all heights from 6 to 60 feet above the ground.
“The bird lives all the year round in these holes, and when not disturbed lays year after year in the same hole.
“The nest-hole is about 3 inches in diameter at the entrance, runs in horizontally for a few inches, and then turns straight down for another few inches, and then widens out into a chamber some 6 inches in diameter.
“Neither of these gentlemen has ever found more than one egg in any nest.”
Howard Campbell also found one egg only in a nest near Ooty on the 2nd March, but this was fresh and more might have been laid.
In Burma, near Tharrawaddy, Hopwood found two eggs in a hole 12 feet up in a dead tree on the 30th May.
It would appear from the above notes that the breeding season in South India is December to March and in Burma May. It would, however, be unsafe to assert that one egg is the maximum laid.
The only three eggs I have measured are 26.8 x 19.8 (Ooty), 28.7 x 21.1 and 20.2 x 20.5 mm. (Tharrawaddy).

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1406. Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus delesserti
Spp Author: 
Malh.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1406
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
311
Common name: 
Sourn Larger Golden Backed Woodpecker
M_ID: 
11125
M_CN: 
Greater Flameback
M_SN: 
Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14515

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