Chrysocolaptes delesserti, Malh.
166bis. :- Butler, Deccan ; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 385.
THE SOUTHERN LARGE GOLDEN-BACKED WOODPECKER.
Length, 11.5 ; expanse, 18.75; wing, 5.75 ; tail, 4; bill at front, 1.7.
Bill slaty; irides yellow; legs slaty. Male: top of .the head and crest crimson; upper back and greater part of the wings externally golden-yellow; lower part of back shining carmine-red; band from the eyes, surrounding the forehead, ruddy-brown, passing through the eye, and changing into a wide black neck-stripe ; above this, between it and the crest is a narrow white line ; the dorsal aspect of the neck also white; primaries wholly blackish, with three or four white spots on the inner webs of all the feathers; upper tail-coverts and tail black; beneath the neck is anteriorly white, with five black gular stripes; breast black, more or less brunnescent, with large central drops of white; the rest of the body, below, and lining of the wings, white, transversely barred with black.
The female has the cap black, with a white drop on each' feather.
This Woodpecker only differs from Chrysocolaptes sultaneus, Hodgs., in its smaller size.
It is a not uncommon permanent resident all along the Sahyadri Range, but has not been recorded from elsewhere within our limits.