Chrysocolaptes festivus, Bodd.
167. :- Chrysocolaptes goensis, Gmel. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 282; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol.- III, p. 458 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p, 385 ; Swinhoe and. Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 62.
THE BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER.
Length, 12.2 to 12.5.; expanse, 19.5 to 20.5 ; wings, 6 to 6.25 ; tail, 3.4 to 3.5 ; tarsus, 1; bill at front, 1.9 to 2.
Bill dusky-blackish; irides crimson; legs and feet horny-plumbeous.
Crown and occiput of the male splendid crimson ; forehead mingled black and white ; lores white ; a white streak begins behind the eye, and is continued to the nape, the entire hind-part of the neck being wholly white,-and extending down upon the interscapulars; the rest of the back, scapulars, rump, and tail, are brownish-black, having a slight aureous cast on the scapulars; wings, with their coverts and secondaries, bright golden-yellow ; bend of the wing, winglet, and coverts of the primaries, as also the primaries, dusky black, with distant, large, round whitish spots on their inner webs, and similar dull spots on the outer webs ; a broad black streak, down the sides of the neck, from the eye, beneath, the throat white, with three black stripes; the rest of the body, beneath, more or less streaked; the feathers of the breast white, with black lateral edges, which last gradually all but disappear on the belly, vent and lower tail-coverts.
The Black-backed "Woodpecker is not common ; it has been obtained near Aboo, at Mhow in Central India, and at Ratnagiri; it does not occur in Sind.