1133. Larus ridibundus

1133. Black-headed Gull.
Larus ridibundus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 225 (1766) ; Naum. x. p. 264, Taf. 260 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 491, pl. cxxxvi. figs. 2, 3 ; (Gould), B. of E. v. pl. 425 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 64 ; Dresser, viii. p. 357, pls. 596, 597, fig. 1 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 520 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 295 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. 207 ; id. Manual, p. 665 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 300 ; (Tacz.), F O. Sib. O. p. 1040 ; Lilford, vi. p. 39, pl. 19 ; L. capistratus, Temm. Man. d’Orn, ii. p. 785 (1820).
Goeland rieur, French ; Gaivota, Chapalheta, Portug. ; Gavina, Gaviota, Span. ; Gabbiano comune, Ital. ; Lachmewe, Mohrenkopf, German ; Kokmeeuw, Dutch ; Hoettemaage, Dan. and Norweg. Skrattmase, Swed. ; Naurulokki, Finn. ; Tschaika, Russ. ; Yuri-kamome, Jap.
Male ad. (S. Russia). Hood brownish black or coffee-brown ; mantle pale French-grey ; a narrow space round the eye, tail-coverts, tail, and entire under parts white, the last faintly tinged rose-colour ; primaries white, with the tips and margins of the inner webs black ; secondaries French- grey, the outer ones tipped with blackish ; bill, edges of eyelids, legs, and feet lake-red ; iris deep brown. Culmen 1.8, wing 12.0, tail, 5.0, taraus 1.8. In winter the hood is absent, there being a little grey before the eye and on the occiput, and a blackish grey patch behind the eye.
Hab. Europe, north to the Faeroes, the Baltic Islands and Archangel, south to the Mediterranean ; wintering in Africa, south to Nubia ; Asia east to Japan, north to Kamchatka ; wintering in India, China, and the Philippines.
In habits it differs from many of its allies in selecting inland marshes for the purpose of nidification. Its flight is easy and graceful, and it swims with ease, sitting very lightly on the water. Its note resembles the syllables kree, kree, or kech, keck, and when uttered by many, resembles harsh laughter. Its food consists of small fish, insects, larvae and worms. It breeds on inland marshes, and islands in lakes, usually in large societies, constructing its nest of reeds and dried grass, ana in May, or sometimes late in April, deposits 3 eggs, which in ground-colour vary from pale bluish white to dark olivaceous brown, more or less spotted and blotched with deep umber and blackish brown, and measure about 2.2 by 1.47.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1133. Larus ridibundus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Black Headed Gull
Black-headed Gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Vol. 2

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