Larus brunneicephalus, Jerd.
980. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 832 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 31 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 439 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 318.
THE BROWN-HEADED GULL.
Length, 16 to 17; expanse, 40; wing, 13; tail, 5.5; bill at front, 1.5.
Bill red, tip darker ; irides white ; legs and feet fine red.
In summer, the whole head and neck sooty-brown, darker where it terminates; orbital feathers white posteriorly; back and wings light grey; nape, hind-neck, upper tail-coverts, and tail, white; first primary black, inner web white at base, and with a white subterminal band ; the next has both webs white at the base, and a smaller terminal spot; the third is grey with still less black, and no white, and so on, lessening to the seventh ; the other quills are all grey.
In winter the head is white, generally somewhat soiled, often with a few faint dusky marks, and there is always a dark spot behind the ear-coverts.
The young bird is colored like the adult in winter plumage, but the tail has a dark band, and the irides are yellow-brown.
The Brown-headed Gull occurs all along the coast and in suitable places (large lakes) inland throughout the region.