249. Chloropsis hardwickii.
The Orange-bellied Chloropsis.
Chloropsis hardwickii, Jard. & Selby, Ill. Orn. ii, Add. p. 1 (1829) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 18; Oates, B. B. i, p. 206; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) v, p. 594. Phyllornis hardwickii (J. & S.) Blyth, Cat. p. 212; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 258 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 100 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 106; xlv, pt. ii, p. 79; Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 137 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 327; Hume, Cat. p. 466; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 297; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 185.
The Blue-winged Green Bulbul, Jerd.
Coloration. Male. The upper plumage green, washed with fulvous-yellow on the bead ; lores, the feathers under the eye, the ear-coverts, chin, throat, and upper breast black; a broad moustachial streak, reaching to the end of the ear-coverts, cobalt; remainder of the under plumage orange-brown, washed with green on the flanks ; tail dull purple, the inner webs blacker; lesser wing-coverts verdigris-blue ; remaining coverts and the primaries black, edged with purple ; secondaries brown on the inner and green on the outer webs; tertiaries and inner greater coverts entirely green.
Female. The upper plumage green, the head being of the same colour as the other parts; lesser wing-coverts blue; the other coverts and the tertiaries wholly green; secondaries and primaries brown edged with green, the first three primaries with a tinge of blue; tail green ; moustachial streak cobalt, but paler than in the male; sides of head and neck, chin, throat, and upper breast, with the whole of the flanks, green, tinged with blue on the throat; lower breast, abdomen, vent, and under tail-coverts orange-brown.
Young birds are entirely green, without any orange below at first; traces of orange on the abdomen soon make their appearance ; the moustache and wing-patch are barely indicated.
Bill black ; irides brown or dark brown; feet plumbeous; claws dusky or black (Scully).
Length 7.5 ; tail 3.1; wing 3.8 ; tarsus .7 ; bill from gape .95.
C. lazulina, from China, is barely separable from the present species ; it has the chin, throat, and breast strongly suffused with blue.
Distribution. The Himalayas and their bases, from Mussooree to Dibrugarh in Assam; the Khasi hills ; Manipur ; the Toungngoo hills; Karennee ; the slopes of Muleyit mountain in Tenasserim. G. hardwickii is found at all levels, apparently up to 5000 or 6000 feet. It occurs on the mountains of Perak in the Malay peninsula.