1111. Hydrochelidon leucoptera

1111. WHITE-WINGED BLACK TERN.
HYDROCHELIDON LEUCOPTERA.
Hydrochelidon leucoptera (Schinz.), in Meisn. and Schinz. Vog. der Schweiz, p. 264 (1815) ; (Naum.), x. p. 215, Taf. 257 ; (Gould), B. of E. v. pl. 423 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 76 ; Dresser, viii. p. 321, pls. 590, 591 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 524 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 6 ; id. Manual, p. 635 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 308 ; Ridgway, p. 47 ; Lilford, vi. p. 3, pl. 2 ; H. fissipes, Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1015.
Hirondelle de mer leucoptere, French ; Fumarell, Span. ; Mignattino ali-branchi, Ital. ; Weissfluglige Seeschwalbe, German.
Male ad. (Algeria). Differs from H. nigra in having the upper and under parts deep black ; the upper tail-coverts, tail, edge of the wing, and lesser wing-coverts white, the larger coverts French-grey ; under tail-coverts white ; bill reddish black ; legs coral-red ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.1, wing 8.2, tail 3.0, tarsus 0.8, middle toe with claw 0.9 inch. In winter and in immature dress it may be distinguished from H. nigra by having the rump and upper tail-coverts almost white, the bill stouter, and the tarsus and foot longer.
Hab. Central and Southern Europe ; an irregular visitor to Britain ; Africa as far south at least as the Transvaal ; Asia Minor and Asia east to China, north to Dauria ; Mongolia ; Manchuria ; Burma ; Eastern India and Ceylon ; south to Australia and New Zealand ; has been obtained in Wisconsin (North America) and Barbadoes.
In habits this Tern resembles H. nigra, but its note is louder and harsher, and it is somewhat swifter and more agile on the wing. It breeds in societies in marshy localities, and its nest and eggs resemble those of the Black Tern.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1111. Hydrochelidon leucoptera
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1111
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
806
Common name: 
White Winged Black Tern
M_ID: 
4675
M_CN: 
White-winged Tern
M_SN: 
Chlidonias leucopterus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
11113

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