1013. Houbara undulata

1013. Houbara Bustard.
HOUBARA UNDULATA.
Houbara undulata (Jacq.), Beitr. Gesch. Vog. p. 24, pl. 9 (1784) ; (Dresser), vii. p. 391, pl. 510 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 320 ; Otis houbara, Desf. Mem. Acad. Roy. Sc. p. 496, pl. x. (1787) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. p. 268.
Houbara, Raad, Arabic ; Begunez, Russ.
Male ad. (N. Africa). Crown reddish ochreous marked with black ; a full crest of long white feathers ; chin white ; sides of head and neck, fore neck and hind neck white vermiculated with blackish and tinged with pale ochreous brown ; elongated ruff black on the sides, white in front of neck ; upper parts rufescent ochreous boldly barred with black ; the wing-coverts paler ; primaries white at the base, otherwise black ; tail rufescent ochreous with five bars of dove-blue, the terminal bars marked with black and tipped with white ; under parts white ; bill greyish brown, darker at the point, yellowish towards the base ; legs greenish yellowish grey ; iris greenish yellow. Culmen 1.8, wing 14.3, tail 8.5, taraus 3.6 inch. The female is similar but with the crest and raff less developed.
Hab. North Africa ; Canaries ; a rare straggler to Spain, Southern France, Italy, and Greece ; Palestine ; Armenia.
Inhabits open fiat country, both the true desert and culti┬Čvated localities, and like its allies is extremely shy and wary. It feeds on vegetable matter, insects, caterpillars, &c., and even small reptiles. In North Africa it is highly esteemed as a quarry by falconers. Its nest is a mere depression in the soil, and the eggs, 4 to 5 in number, are deposited in May, and are olivaceous brown blurred with dashes of dark brown and here and there spotted with clear dark brown. In size they measure about 2.38 by 1.77, and are generally slightly pointed towards each end. The Fuerteventuran bird has been separated as a subspecific form under the name Otis undulata fuertaventuroe, but I do not consider with sufficient reason.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1013. Houbara undulata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1013
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
726
Common name: 
Houbara Bustard
M_ID: 
3261
M_CN: 
Houbara Bustard
M_SN: 
Chlamydotis undulata
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10380

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