Aegialitis dubia, Scop.
849. :- AE. philippensis, Scop. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 640; AE. curonicus, Gmel.; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 12 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 426; AE. philippensis, Lath.; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind' p. 227 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 132.
THE INDIAN RINGED PLOVER.
Length, 7.25 ; expanse, 13.5 ; wing, 4.5 ; tail, 2.5 ; tarsus, 1 ; bill at front, 0.56.
Bill black, yellowish at the base ; irides deep brown ; orbits yellow; legs yellow.
Frontal zone white, followed by a black band edged with white, which passes over the eyes as a superciliary mark; lores black, passing under the eyes through the ear-coverts; chin, throat, and lower face, passing as a collar round the hind-neck, white succeeded by a broadish black zone or ring which Borders the white ring, gradually narrowing behind; upper plumage cinereous brown ; quills brown ; tail, with the central feathers ashy-brown, tipped dark-brown, the outermost feathers nearly all white, with a brown spot on the inner web, gradually increasing in extent and becoming ashy at the base; lower plumage and under wing-coverts white.
The Indian Ringed Plover is a common permanent resident throughout the region. It breeds during March and April; the eggs are deposited in a depression, scraped in the sand, near the waters' edge ; they are usually four in number, and are moderately elongated ovals, pinched at the small end; the shell is fine and compact, but without gloss. They are of a fawn or buffy-stone color, spotted and marked with lines and figures of blackish-brown, with a few underlying markings of pale inky-purple.
They measure 1.14 inches in length by 0.84 in breadth.