(920) Cettia cetti cettioides.
The Eastern Bush-Warbler.
Cettia cettioides Hume, S. F., i, p. 194 (1873) (Sind). Cettia orientalis. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 441.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Upper plumage, wings and tail light rufous olive-brown, varying considerably in the amount of the rufous tinge; lores dusky, a short supercilium and round the eye fulvous-white ; centre of chin, throat, breast and abdomen almost white; sides, flanks, vent and under tail-coverts greyish brown; axillaries and under wing-coverts greyish white, the centres darker and showing through.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill horny-brown above and blackish at the tip, paler and yellowish below; legs and feet horny-brown.
Measurements. Total length about 150 mm.; wing 64 to 73 mm.; tail 52 to 65 mm.; tarsus 25 to 26 mm.; culmen 11 to 12 mm. The Indian bird differs from Cettia cetti cetti in being a good deal bigger and much paler. Persian birds, generally accepted as being of this race, seem to be smaller and darker rufous above.
Distribution. Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Sind and North-West India, West of the Indus. Breeding in Turkestan and Kirghis Steppes to Eastern Persia.
Nidification. Very little recorded. The nest is a deep cup made of grasses and leaves of rushes, lined with finer grasses and placed in a thick bush close to the ground. The eggs are bright terra-cotta or brick-red. Four eggs measured by Jourdain average 20 x 14.5 mm.; four in my own collection average about 19.0 X 14.2 mm. Both nests were taken in May.
Habits. A frequenter of reeds and bushes in swampy land and keeping very closely to thick cover. Ticehurst obtained it in rushes in the Manchar Lake in Sind and says that he found it less of a skulker than Locustella straminea which inhabited the same rushy margin of the lake.