202. Oligura castaneicoronata.
The Chestnut-headed Short-wing.
Sylvia ? castaneo-coronata, Burton, P. Z. S. 1835, p. 152. Tesia flaviventer, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. vi, p. 102 (1837). Tesia castaneo-coronata (Burt.), Blyth, Cat.-p. 179; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 179; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 487 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 101; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 55; Hume, Cat. no. 327. Oligura castaneocoronata (Burt.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 603; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 132.
The Chestnut-headed Wren, Jerd.; Tisi, Nepal; Samtit-pho, Lepch.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, nape, lores, ear-coverts, and a line under the eye bright chestnut; a small patch of white feathers at the posterior corner of the eye; cheeks, chin, throat, breast, and abdomen bright yellow, the breast suffused with olivaceous and mottled with a few indistinct brown bars ; sides of breast, abdomen, and under tail-coverts olivaceous ; upper plumage, wings, and tail dark olive-green.
The young bird has the entire upper plumage, sides of the head, the wings, and tail dark olive-green ; the whole lower plumage dull chestnut, tinged with yellow on the abdomen.
Bill brownish yellow; legs yellow; iris red in some birds, brown in others (Cockburn).
Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim; the Khasi hills. Jerdon gives the range of this bird from 3000 to 6000 feet, but Blanford says it is common in Sikhim from 7000 to 10,000 feet. Godwin-Austen procured it at 7000 feet on Hengdan peak, Khasi hills.
Habits, &c. According to Godwin-Austen this bird haunts thick and low brushwood and is difficult to shoot in such cover; it emits a loud and rather musical note from time to time as it hops from bough to bough. Blanford describes the note as sharp and monotonous. Accounts of the nidification of this species are conflicting, and therefore I shall not quote them.