Ceryle rudis, Lin.
136 :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 232 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 456 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers Vol. IX, p. 383 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 112 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 61.
THE PIED KINGFISHER.
Length, 11 to 11.5 ; expanse, 18.5 to 20; wing, 5.4 to 5.8; tail, 3 ; tarsus, 0.5 to 0.7; bill at front, 2.3 ; bill from gape, 3.1.
Bill black; irides dark brown; legs and feet blackish-brown.
Head and ears black, white-streaked, with also a white supercilium; back, rump, upper tail-coverts, and wings black, white-edged; lower parts and the sides of the neck white, with a streak of black down the sides of the neck from the ear-coverts; breast with a broad interrupted band of black in both sexes, and below this another complete but narrow band in the male only; wings with a white band, formed by the bases of some of the quills, and the greater-coverts; primary-coverts and winglet black; tail white at the base, broadly black at the end, and tipped white.
The Pied Kingfisher is another very common species, generally distributed throughout our limits.
It is a permanent resident and breeds from February to April, in holes pierced in the banks of rivers; the eggs, four to six in number, are broad oval in shape, white in color, and are highly glossy. They measure 115 in length by about 092 in breadth.
This Kingfisher never resorts to wells and tanks, as H. smyr nensis and A. bengalensis do, but only occurs on rivers and the larger lakes.