658. Ceryls rudis

658. Pied Kingfisher.
CERYLS RUDIS.
Ceryle rudis (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 181 (1766) ; Gould, B. of E. ii. p. 62 ; Dresser, v. p. 125, pl. 291 ; Sharpe, Monogr. Alced. p. 61, pl. 19 ; id. Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 109.
Saiad-el-semahk, Arab.
Male ad. (Asia Minor). Upper parts black, marked and varied with white ; crown crested ; a white superciliary line to the hind-neck ; tail white spotted with black on the basal two-thirds, then black tipped with white ; under parts white, the breast crossed by one broad and one narrow band ; bill and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 2.3, wing 5.55, tail 3.6, tarsus 0.45 inch. The female differs in having only one pectoral band, and the young bird resembles the female, but has the upper parts blacker, the feathers on the throat with faint blackish tips, and the pectoral band is greyish margined with black.
Hab. Rare in Greece ; the Cyclades, Asia Minor, and Palestine, east to the Persian Gulf ; Africa south to the Cape. In India and east to China it is replaced by a nearly allied species, Ceryle varia, Strickl., which has the base of the tail white, un¬spotted.
It is a heavier bird than A. ispida, its flight is not very swift, but direct and steadied by regular beats of the wings. It frequents both inland waters and the sea-coast, and is gregarious at all seasons. It breeds from April to late in May, borrowing its nest-hole in a bank close to the edge of the water, and the nest-cavity is a hole scooped in the side of the nest tunnel. Its eggs, 4 to 6 in number, are not so polished as those of A. ispida, pure white and larger, measuring about 1.15 by 1.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
658. Ceryls rudis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
658
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
459
Common name: 
Pied Kingfisher
M_ID: 
9387
M_CN: 
Pied Kingfisher
M_SN: 
Ceryle rudis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10640

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