342. Certhia hodgsoni.
Certhia familiaris, Linn, apud Hume & Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 180. Certhia hodgsoni, Brooks, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 74 (1872) ; Hume, N. & E. p. 160; Brooks, S. F. iv, p. 273 ; Hume, S. F. v, pp. 73, 78; id. Cat. no. 243 bis; Oates in Hume's N, & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 220.
Coloration. Upper plumage and the sides of the head and neck dark brown streaked with rufous, with which are intermingled other streaks of black and white ; wing-coverts tipped with pale fulvous; rump and upper tail-coverts ferruginous; tail reddish brown, obsoletely barred near the tip; wings dark brown, with a pale fulvous band across all the quills, except the first four, and another blackish band above and below it; most of the quills tipped white, and the later ones with a fulvous streak near the end of the outer web; a white supercilium ; forehead, cheeks, and the whole lower plumage white, the under tail-coverts tinged with fulvous.
Iris brown; bill, legs, and feet flesh-colour (Hume Coll.).
Length rather more than 5; tail 2.6; wing 2.6; tarsus .55; bill from gape .75.
This species, closely allied to the English Creeper, C. familiaris, may be distinguished from it by the coloration of the fourth primary. In C. familiaris the fourth primary is marked with fulvous like the others; in C. hodgsoni the fourth primary is unmarked, and the bill is also longer.
Distribution. Kashmir, where, according to Brooks, its discoverer, this Tree-Creeper occurs sparingly in the pine-woods near the snows. Biddulph and Scully met with it in Gilgit and Astor at about 10,000 feet in June and July.
Habits, &c. Captain Cock took several nests of this bird at Gulmurg and Sonamurg in June. The eggs are very densely spotted and measure about .62 by .48.