445. Certhia himalayana limes

(445) Certhia himalayana limes Meinertz.
Certhia himalayana toeniura, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 431. Certhia himalayana limes, ibid. vol. viii, p. 617.
Limes now becomes the name of the Tree-Creeper over practically the whole of North-West India from the Afghan and Baluchistan Frontier, Gilgit, the whole of Kashmir and West, on the Outer Himalayas, to Murree. Where it meets find merges into the preceding form is not yet defined.
Meinertzhagen obtained it on Ziarat, near Quetta ; Whitehead says : “Breeds in fair numbers on the Safed Koh from 7,000 to 9,000 feet” ; it is common in Kashmir in many parts up to 10,000feet and it is very common at Murree between 6,000 and 9,000 feet.
Marshall obtained the nests of this Creeper at Murree and observes :—“This is a most difficult nest to find, as the little bird always chooses crevices where the bark has been broken or bulged out, some 40 or 50 feet from the ground, and generally on tall oak-trees which have no branches within 40 feet of their roots. The nests we found were in the highest part of Murree, about 7,200 feet.”
Rattray, however, found nests quite differently situated. He says : “Very common. I took numerous nests at Murree, Changla and Danga Galis. The nests were generally fairly low down under a piece of bark in a fir-tree. Most nests found in May, a few in June. The illustration shows fairly the site of the nest, which was placed under the bark, a few pieces of moss etc. showing. The tree was a large fir that had been struck and cut down by lightning.”
Whitehead also got a nest low down in a stump, recording in his note-book :—“16.6.12. Bird caught on nest, 10,500 feet, Balta Kundi, behind bark in stump about 4 feet up. Nest a pad consisting of a few bits of moss, hair and fur and a few strips of rotten wood.—C. H. T. W.”
The eggs are in no way different from those of the preceding form and go through the same range of variations, including the abnormal ones, like those of a Titmouse.
Thirty-four eggs average 15.8 x 12.2 mm. : maxima 17.5 x 12.3 and 16.3 x 12.9 mm. ; minima 14.7 x 11.9 and 15.3 x 11.2 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
445. Certhia himalayana limes
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Western Himalayan Tree Creeper
Certhia himalayana himalayana
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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