260. Cephalopyrus flammiceps.
Aegithalus flammiceps, Burton, P. Z. S. 1835, p. 153; Blyth, Cat. p. 105; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 69. Dicaeum sanguinifrons, A. Hay, J. A S. B. xv, p. 44 (1846). Cephalopyrus flammiceps (Burton), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 267 ; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 52 ; Cock &; Marshall, S. F. i, p. 356 ; Hume, N.& E. p. 401; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 220; Hume, Cat. no. 633; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 71; 1882, p. 280; Oates in Humes N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 161.
The Flame-fronted Flower-pecker, Jerd.
Coloration. Male. The lores, forehead, and the anterior half of the crown flaming orange-red; the remainder of the upper plumage olive-yellow, brighter on the rump ; the upper tail-coverts with dark shafts ; wing-coverts, wings, and tail dark brown, edged with dull yellowish; sides of the head, throat, and breast golden yellow, the chin suffused with bright red; remainder of the lower plumage dull yellow.
Female. Resembles the male, but has no red whatever on the head and chin, and the yellow parts are duller and tinged with green.
The young resemble the female, and the males assume the adult plumage in the spring of their first year.
Bill plumbeous ; legs leaden-brown (Jerdon); iris dark brown (Hume Coll.).
Length about 4 ; tail 1.3; wing 2.4; tarsus .5; bill from gape 35.
Distribution. The whole of the Himalayas from Gilgit and Murree to Bhutan, where this species is found from 3000 to 9000 feet. In the winter it descends to the plains, and I have examined specimens obtained at that season at Cawnpore, Etawah, Aligarh, Raipur, Nagpur, and Saugor. It extends into Afghanistan.
Habits, &c. Breeds at Murree in April and May, constructing its nest, which is made of fine grass, in a hole in a tree or stump at no great height from the ground. The eggs are not known.