820. Hirundo striolata.
The Japanese Striated Swallow.
Hirundo striolata, Temm,, Temm. & Schleg. Faun. Jap., Aves, p. 33 (1850); Walden in Blyths Birds Burm. p. 127; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 161. Hirundo alpestris japonica, Temm. & Sehleg. op. cit. p. 33, pl. ii (1850). Lillia substriolata, Hume, S. F. v, p. 264 (1877). Hirundo substriolata (Hume), Hume, Cat. no. 85 quat. Hirundo japonica (T. & S.), Oates, B. B. i, p. 305; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 162.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, nape, hind neck, back, scapulars, lesser and median wing-coverts, and tail-coverts glossy steel-blue; quills and tail black, slightly glossy on the outer webs; rump chestnut, with well-marked black shafts; lores black; a mark in front and above the eye, continued as a narrow line over the eye, and the ear-coverts chestnut, streaked with black ; lower plumage white, with a very pale fulvous tinge throughout, and very coarsely streaked with black throughout; under tail-coverts with their terminal halves entirely black.
Iris dark brown ; bill and legs dark brown ( Wardlaw Ramsay).
Length nearly 8 ; tail up to 4.2 ; wing 4.9 to 5.3 ; tarsus .6 ; bill from gape .6 ; bifurcation of tail 2.1.
Distribution. The only specimens of this species killed within Indian limits that I have seen are : two specimens from Cachar, February (types of Lillia substriolata, Hume); a specimen from Karennee, 2600 feet, 29th March ; and two from the Karen hills, east of Toungngoo, 3000 feet, loth January. This species is found from Japan down to Java and Flores, summering in the northern part of its range, and wintering in the south. It is common throughout China.