825. Hirundo hyperythra.
The Ceylon Swallow.
Hirundo hyperythra, Layard, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 814 (1849); id. Cat. p. 198; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 592 ; Hume Cat, no. 85 quint. ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 167; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii. p. 201.
Coloration. Rump and the shorter upper tail-coverts deep chestnut ; with this exception, the whole upper plumage, wings, and tail glossy steel-blue ; sides of the head and whole lower plumage deep chestnut with narrow shaft-streaks ; terminal half of under tail-coverts black.
Iris sepia-brown; bill deep brown, in some blackish, base of lower mandible reddish ; legs and feet vinous-brown (Legge). Length about 6.5; tail 3.3; wing 4.7; tarsus .55; bill from gape .6; bifurcation of tail 1.4.
Distribution. Confined to Ceylon. A similar but very much larger Swallow (H. badia) occurs at Malacca.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to June, constructing a cup-shaped nest of mud under bridges or in outhouses. The eggs are pure white, and measure about .85 by .56.