824. Hirundo rufula

824. Hirundo rufula.

The European Striated Swallow.

Hirundo rufula, Temm. Man. 2e el. iii, p. 298 (1835); Wardlaw Ramsay. Ibis, 1880, p. 48; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 427; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 156. Hirundo scullii, Seebohm, Ibis, 1883, p. 167; Sharpe, Cat, B. M. x, p. 158.

Coloration. Resembles H. erythropygia, but has the striations on the lower plumage even finer, and the chestnut on the rump paling off to creamy white posteriorly : much larger.

Bill blackish ; iris blackish brown ; feet dark brown (Dresser).

Length about 7.5 ; tail 4; wing 4.8; tarsus .55; bill from gape .6 ; bifurcation of tail 2.3.

Mr. Seebohm has separated a small form of this species from Nepal as H. scullii. As this only differs from H. rufula in being very slightly smaller, I do not propose to keep it distinct. On examining the type of H. scullii, kindly lent to me for the purpose by Mr. Seebohm, I have strong doubts as to whether it belongs to H. rufula or to H. nepalensis. The rump pales slightly posteriorly it is true, but not more so than in many specimens of undoubted H. nepalensis ; the striations, however, on the lower plumage appear to me to be too coarse for H. rufula, Fortunately, the occurrence of this latter species within Indian limits rests on other evidence than that of this dubious specimen collected in Nepal, Dr. Scully having obtained H. rufula in Gilgit, where its presence was not unexpected. Major Wardlaw Ramsay also procured an undoubted specimen of this species at Byan Khel in Afghanistan, and this is deposited in the British Museum.

Distribution, Found in Gilgit in summer, and probably extends along the Himalayas to Nepal. This Swallow ranges westwards into Europe and Africa, and is also found in Central Asia.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
824. Hirundo rufula
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
824
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
297
Common name: 
European Striated Swallow
M_ID: 
22588
M_CN: 
Red-rumped Swallow
M_SN: 
Cecropis daurica
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
1130

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith