(1163) Hirundo daurica rufula.
The European Striated Swallow.
Hirundo rufula Temm., Man. d'Orn., 2nd ed., iii, p. 298 (1835) (Egypt); Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 284.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Differs from the other forms in having the posterior rump very pale; the neck collar of chestnut is broad and well-defined; the lower parts are fulvous-white, the striae less numerous, finer and a paler brown than in the other forms.
Colours of soft parts as in the other forms.
Measurements. Wing 115 to 123 mm.; tail 91 to 103 mm.; tarsus 11 to 12 mm.; culmen 7 to 8 mm.
Distribution. Western Europe; North-Eastern Africa and Western Asia to Turkestan and Baluchistan. In India it only occurs as a rare straggler in North-West India, into Gilgit, Kashmir and Nepal. Ticehurst also records one specimen from Sind.
I cannot separate Hirundo d. scullii from this race.
Nidification. Similar to that of other Swallows of this species. Witherby gives the average of 61 eggs as 20.0 x 14.3 mm.
Whistler found this race breeding in the Kangra Valley near the Bhuban Pass; three nests were built under ledges of rock. On the 31st May one contained four white eggs just hatching, one contained a fully-fledged young Swift and the third was just ready for eggs.
Habits. Those of the species.