Hirundo erythropygia

Hirundo erythropygia, Sykes.

85. :- Hirundo daurica, Lin. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 160 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 451; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 377; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 103; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 59.


Length, 6.5 to 7 ; expanse, 12.25 to 13 ; wing, 4.1 to 4.5; tail, 3 to 3.35 ; (the tail is forked to the extent of about 1.5 inches) ; tarsus, 0.46 ; bill from gape, 0.58 ; bill at front, 0.3.

Bill black; irides brown; legs black.

Above, blue-black; narrow supercilium; sides of the head, behind the ear-coverts, and rump ferruginous ; beneath rufescent-white, with dusky streaks ; terminal half or third of under tail-coverts abruptly black. Young more dull in its tints merely.

The Red-rumped Swallow occurs generally throughout our limits, but is more common in hilly districts (such as Mount Aboo) than in open country; most of them retire to the hills to breed about April, but a few remain ; and nests are occasionally found in the plains. The nest, constructed of pellets of mud lined with feathers, is affixed to the under-surface of a ledge of rock, the roof of a cave, the arch of a bridge, or some such similar place ; it is retort-shaped, having a bulb-like chamber at one end, with a tubular passage, sometimes seven or eight inches long at the' other; they continue to lengthen this passage, even after the eggs are laid. I have never myself found nests, of any other type than this, but Mr. Blewitt remarks that " they are eccentric to a degree in the selection of a suitable place for a nest, the form and material of which mainly depends on the locality ; in a hole, a simple collection of feathers answers, &c.," and is disposed to believe that these retort-shaped nests are merely intended for winter residences. I have many times watched the building of the nest and the rearing of the young in these same retort-shaped nests.

The eggs, three in number, are pure white in color, long ovals in shape, and average 0.78 in length by 0.55 in breadth.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Hirundo erythropygia
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Rumped Swallow
Cecropis daurica erythropygia
Term name: 

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