823. Hirundo erythropygia.
Sykes's Striated Swallow.
Hirundo erythropygia, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 83; Hume, Cat. no. 85 ; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 594; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 164; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 80; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 197. Hirundo daurica, Linn., Blyth, Cat. p. 198 (pt,) ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 92 (pt.) ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 160 (pt.). Lillia erythropygia (Sykes), Hume, N. & E. p. 76 ; id. S. F. v, p. 255.
The Red-rumped Swallow, Jerd.; Masjid-ababil, Hind.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, nape, back, scapulars, lesser and median wing-coverts glossy steel-blue; rump and the shorter upper tail-coverts plain chestnut; longer upper tail-coverts glossy black; greater wing-coverts, quills, and tail dark brown, glossed with blue on the outer webs; the outermost tail-feather with an obsolete white patch on the inner web; lores brown; under the eye mixed rufous and brown; ear-coverts and a narrow partially-interrupted collar on the hind neck chestnut; the whole lower plumage pale rufous, with delicate brown streaks, hardly anywhere broader than the shafts themselves ; under tail-coverts tipped with black; sides of the neck glossy blue, extending to the sides of the breast.
The young bird has the striations on the lower plumage very faint, and the quills are tipped with rufous. Bill and legs black ; iris brown.
Length about 6.5 ; tail 3.2 ; wing 4.3; tarsus .5 ; bill from gape .45 ; bifurcation of tail 1.4.
Distribution. A resident in the plains of India from the foot of the Himalayas to the Nilgiris, and from Sind to about the longitude of Calcutta. This Swallow occasionally wanders to Ceylon.
Habits, &c. Breeds from April to August, constructing a retort-shaped nest of mud under arches, against walls and rocks, and sometimes in old buildings. The eggs are pure white, three in number, and measure about .78 by .55.