433. Petronia brachydactyla

433. DESERT ROCK-SPARROW.
PETRONIA BRACHYDACTYLA.
Petronia brochydactyla, Bp. Consp. Gen. Av. i. p. 513 (1850) ; Tristram. Ibis, 1868, pl. 6 ; Dresser, iii. p. 611, pl. 180, tig. 1 ; Sharpe, Cat. B Br. Mus. xii. p. 292.
Male ad. (Persia). Upper parts sandy brown ; under parts white, the throat, breast, and flanks washed with creamy buff ; wings brown, externally margined with pale rufous buff and tipped with creamy white, the wing-coverts margined with creamy white ; tail dark brown all but the middle ones, with a white patch at the end of the inner web, the outermost with the outer web dull white ; lores and supercilium pale sandy ; under tail coverts dull brown, broadly margined with white ; bill horn-brown above, fleshy white below ; legs dull fleshy yellowish ; iris brown. Culmen 0.4 wing 3.5, tail 1.85, tarsus 0.75 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Palestine, North-east Africa, Arabia, and Persia.
In habits it resembles P. stulta but frequents dry arid plains, and is more of a desert bird, and in the winter is said to frequent stubble-fields, roads, and farm-yards in search of food. Its note is peculiar, resembling that of a large cricket. It breeds in elevated plains where bushes are scattered about, in Persia, at elevations of from 5.000 to 8,000 feet, descending to lower altitudes in the winter. The nest is neat and compact, and is placed low down in a bush, and it deposits 4 to 5 white eggs, which are marked with a few black spots, looking like diminutive eggs of Oriolus galbula.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
433. Petronia brachydactyla
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
433
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
296
Common name: 
Desert Rock Sparrow
M_ID: 
29425
M_CN: 
Pale Rockfinch
M_SN: 
Carpospiza brachydactyla
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10195

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