1068. Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis

(1068) Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis Laub.
THE CAUCASUS COMMON ROSE-FINCH.
Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 136.
The breeding limits of the various races of the Common Rose-Finch are difficult to define. The present form breeds in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Altai, and Turkestan. In Afghanistan, Gilgit and Northern Kashmir the breeding bird is nearer this subspecies than it is to the darker bird breeding on the Outer Himalayas and must be retained under the name kubanensis.
Biddulph took many nests of this Rose-Finch in Gilgit, writing of them to Hume as follows :— “Several nests were found, all situated within a foot of the ground, either in low bushes or among the stems of coarse grass about 2 feet high in serub-jungle. The nest is a neat cup-shaped structure of grass, lined with the finer roots and stems only, except in one instance, in which a good deal of hair is mixed with the lining ; the interior is from 2 to 2.1/2 inches wide and 1.1/4 deep.
“Nests were taken at 10,000 feet elevation between July 16th -and 30th, all with eggs mostly fresh.”
Wardlaw-Ramsay shot a male “in the Kurum Valley, apparently breediug.”
Whitehead says that in the Summer he found this Rose-Finch “abundant in several valleys of the Safed Koh from 6,500 to 8,500 fect.” Here he took a fine series of nests and eggs in the Khagan Valley but all from 8,500 to 10,000 feet elevation. Later Harington also took several nests at Bultakundi at about 9,000 feet. All these eggs are now in my collection and the notes on the data-tickets give the following details:—“The birds breed in scrub jungle or open hill-sides covered with coarse grass, small bushes and boulders. The nests are fairly neat strong cups formed of twigs, or twigs and grass lined with roots and hair. They were placed low down and all in small bushes, chiefly ‘Janulla' and roses and occasionally in a tuft of grass. The female sat very close, in one case almost allowing herself to be caught on the nest.
“The breeding season is from the end of June to the middle of August, but they do not normally have two broods, though, if the first set of eggs be taken they at once build again and lay another clutch.”
The eggs number four or five, most often the former, though Harington once took seven eggs from a nest. These, however, undoubtedly formed two clutches, for there were three undersized addled eggs and four ordinary-sized fresh ones.
The eggs are just the normal black-spotted blue eggs of the other Rose-Finches, unspotted eggs being not uncommon.
Fifty eggs average 20.4 x 15.0 mm. : maxima 23.2 x 14.8 mm. and 21.1 x 15.5 mm. ; minima 18.7 x 14.8 and 19.1 x 13.2 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1068. Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis
Spp Author: 
Laub.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1068
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
51
Common name: 
Caucasus Common Rose Finch
M_ID: 
30676
M_SN: 
Carpodacus erythrinus kubanensis
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14163

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