Carduelis Brisson, Orn., iii, p. 53 (1700). Type, Carduelis carduelis Linn.
The genus Carduelises at once sharply divided from all Hose-Finches, except Procarduelis, by its long, slender, straight and pointed bill and from all Rose-Finches by its coloration, the principal characteristic being the bright red face. The wings are longer and more pointed than in any of the Hose-Finches ; the tail is long and very slightly forked.
Key to Species.
A. Hinder crown and sides of neck black; back and breast ruddy-brown…………C. carduelis, p. 149.
B. Hinder crown and sides of neck not black; back and breast ashy…………C. caniceps, p. 150.