1082. Carduelis caniceps subulata

(1082) Carduelis caniceps subulata Gloger.
THE CENTRAL ASIAN GOLDFINCH.
Carduelis caniceps subulata, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 151.
I cannot myself differentiate between Sarudny’s subcaniceps and the present bird but, to those who can, the bird breeding on our North-West Frontier would have to bear Sarudny's name.
Accepting paraponisi, subcaniceps and subulata as one and the same bird, we have a breeding range which extends from Trans¬caspia and the provinces of Yenesei, Tomsk and Baikal in Siberia to Persia, Afghanistan and Baluchistan.
Within our limits it has been found breeding in the Kurram Valley by Whitehead, who remarks (Ibis, 1909, p. 230):—“Capt. Keen tells me that a few stayed there all through the summer, and he believes nested in the neighbourhood.
“We also observed a few in the Upper Kurram Valley in spring and summer.”
Later, on the 3rd July, 1912, Whitehead obtained a nest and three eggs, which are now in my collection and which he records in his notebook as follows :—“(165 C. c. 3) Rarawsi, 10,900 feet. Nest and eggs typical, former placed 20 feet up in Pencil Cedar, near end of branch. 3.7.12. C. N. T. Whitehead.”
Fulton says (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xvi, p. 53, 1905) :— “Very common (in Chitral) in summer but not resident in winter. Arrives in April in large numbers, and breeds in the country. I watched a pair building in the Rah-Roshan Valley at 12,000 feet (12th July). The nest was placed in the fork of a small birch about 4 feet from the ground and, although incompleted, was similar to that of the European Goldfinch.”
Finally Williams found it breeding at Quetta. He writes (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xxxiii, p. 605, 1929) :— “This Goldfinch is a local migrant retiring to the hills to breed. A few pairs, however, remain to breed in Quetta itself, as two pairs of adult birds were constantly seen in, or in the vicinity of, our garden, and in the late spring were seen feeding young, though we had not the luck to locate the nest.
“The nearest to Quetta where they breed with any degree of frequency is the Takata Range, above an altitude of 8,000 feet, among the Juniper-covered slopes of this and the neighbouring ranges.”

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1082. Carduelis caniceps subulata
Spp Author: 
Gloger.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1082
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
62
Common name: 
Central Asian Goldfinch
M_ID: 
31036
M_SN: 
Carduelis carduelis subulata
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14177

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