(1082) Carduelis caniceps subulata.
The Central Asian Goldfinch.
Fringilla subulata Gloger, Abandern Vog. p. 153 (ex Gloger MS.) (1833) (Yenesei).
Vernacular names. Shira (Hind,).
Description. Similar to the preceding bird but paler both above and below in both sexes.
Colours of soft parts as in the Himalayan Goldfinch.
Measurements. Wing 83 to 85 mm.; tail 50 to 53 mm.; tarsus about 15 mm.; culmen 14 to 15 mm.
Distribution. Central Asia from Transcaspia, the Yenesei, Tomsk and Baikal Districts to Afghanistan, Baluchistan and Persia.
I cannot find any differences between this form, Kollibay's paraponisi and Sarudny's subcaniceps. Those who follow Hartert and accept these races would have to use the last name for our Baluchistan bird and omit the Siberian Districts from its range.
Nidification. Captain C. H. T. Whitehead took its nest in the Kurram Valley at 10,900 feet on the 3rd of July. He describes it as a typical Goldfinch's nest placed 20 feet up in a Pencil Cedar near the end of a branch. The three eggs, which are in appearance indistinguishable from those of the preceding bird, measure 18.5 x 14.0, 19.1 x 13.6 and 18.7 X 13.8 mm.
Habits. Captain Whitehead found this bird common and in large flocks at Kohat from November to May, when they are caught by bird snarers in large numbers. They frequent gardens, cultivated country and open, well-wooded hillsides and are also found in very barren stony places if there is any attraction in the way of food.