(1080) Carduelis carduelis major.
The Turkestan Goldfinch.
Carduelis major Taczan., P. Z. S., 1879, p. 672 (Turkestan).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Forehead, anterior crown, cheeks and chin crimson ; lores and a narrow line round the base of the bill black; centre of crown, nape, sides and back of crown scarlet, followed by a whitish patch; upper back, scapulars and lower back pale chocolate-brown; rump and upper tail-coverts white; tail black, white-tipped and marked as in Carduelis caniceps; wings also as in that bird but all the quills tipped with white; a broad band on the chest, broken in the centre, light chocolate-brown, paler on the flanks ; remainder of lower plumage white or nearly so.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill pale horny-yellow, tipped darker ; legs pale horny-brown.
Measurements. Total length about 150 mm.; wing 86 to 89 mm.; tarsus about 20 to 21 mm.; culmen about 13 to 13.5 mm.
Distribution. West Siberia to the Yenesei, Turkestan and Persia. Doubtfully recorded from Ziarat, near Quetta, 8,000 feet.
Nidification and Habits similar to those of the European Goldfinch.