619. Caprimulgus ruficollis

619. Russet-necked Nightjar.
Caprimulgus ruficollis, Temm. Man. d’Orn. i. p. 438 (1820) ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 52 : Newton, ii. p. 386 ; Dresser, iv. p. 633, pl. 273 ; Har¬tert, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvi. p. 531 ; Saunders, p. 269 ; Lilford, ii. p. 33, pl. 14.
Engoulevent a collier roux, French ; Noitibo, Portug. ; Chotacabras, Zumaya, Span. ; El Hama, Melil, Arabic.
Male ad. (England). Resembles C. europoeus in general, but is larger, paler, more rufous, especially on the under parts, the chin is reddish ochraceous, below which there is a white patch larger than in C. europoeus ; lower neck encircled by a broad yellowish rufous collar, marked and varied with black and dark brown ; bill blackish brown ; legs dull brown ; iris black. Gape 1.3, wing 7.9, tail 6.25, tarsus 0.95 inch. Female similar, but lacks the white spots on the wings and tail.
Hab. Portugal, Spain ; of rare occurrence in southern France ; has once been obtained in England, once in Dalmatia, and twice in Malta ; is found in N. Africa as far east as Tunis, and regularly visits some of the Canary islands.
In general habits, food, etc., it does not differ from G. europoeus, and like that species forms no nest, but places its two eggs in a depression in the ground, generally amongst scrubby brush¬wood. These resemble those of C. europoeus but are slightly larger, and as a rule scarcely so variable.
In N.W, Africa, south of the Atlas range, paler and more rufous varieties occur, and this form has been described as a subspecies by Baron Carlo von Erlanger and figured by him (J. f. Orn. 1899, taf. xi.) under the name C. ruficollis desertorum.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
619. Caprimulgus ruficollis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Russet Necked Nightjar
Red-necked Nightjar
Caprimulgus ruficollis
Vol. 1

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