1625. Caprimulgus indicus indicus

(1625) Caprimulgus Indicus indicus Lath.
Caprimulgus indicus indicus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 306.
This Nightjar is found over nearly the whole of India South of the Himalayas with the exception of the South of Travancore, It does not occur in Sind nor in the desert regions of Rajputana nor in the hills of Assam, where, both North and South, its place is taken by C. i. jotaka.
It is a bird of the jungles and forests more than of the open country, but occurs in the latter also wherever it is well wooded or hag ample scrub or bamboo cover.
In spite of its being such a common and widespread bird there is not much recorded about its breeding. Butler found it breeding commonly about Mt, Aboo ; Rhodes Morgan says it breeds in all the forests and thick brush-wood jungles of Southern India, while Taylor found it equally common in Mysore. Hutton also took eggs below Mussoorie and Blewitt in the Central Provinces.
It is common in the Nilgiris up to about 4,000 feet, and many eggs have been taken there by Cardew, Primrose, Packard and others. In the Himalayas Whymper found it breeding around Naini Tal at about 3,000-4,000 feet, and Osmaston took a pair of eggs at Pachmarhi at 3,500 feet.
Everywhere it seems to prefer ravines and stony patches in forest to any other place for breeding purposes, Cardew says that it breeds freely in the “sholas” in the Nilgiris, laying its eggs in the ravines or river-beds at the bottom. Campbell also says that it deposits its eggs in open stony patches in the ravines in “sholas.” It also often lays in dense shrub-jungle, the eggs being laid under some thick bush ; at other times it breeds in matted bamboo- and bush-jungle, the eggs being laid upon the fallen debris, when they are very hard to find unless the bird rises, as it usually does, at one’s feet.
The breeding season is from March to May, but Primrose in the Nilgiris and Kinloch in the Nelliampathy Hills found eggs laid in February. I have eggs in my own series dating from, the 7th February to the 18th May.
In colour the eggs are so like those of the various races of Long¬tailed Nightjars that many mistakes in their identification have been made, and I cannot say how they may be discriminated. Perhaps as a series the tint of the ground-colour is warmer, though I have some pairs of macrourus darker than any I have seen of indicus. An extraordinary pair of the latter taken by Pitman in the Central Provinces has a very pale clay ground with a few blotches of umber- brown and others of pale neutral tint, mostly in a broad irregular ring round the larger end.
Thirty-eight eggs average 30.4 x 21.3 mm. : maxima 34.0 x 22.8 and 33.0 x 24.0 mm. ; minima 28.3 x 21.3 and 28.5 x 20.1 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1625. Caprimulgus indicus indicus
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Indian Jungle Nightjar
Caprimulgus indicus indicus
Vol. 3

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