1090. Caprimulgus monticola

1090. Caprimulgus monticola.

Franklins Nightjar.

Caprimulgus monticolus, Franklin, F. Z. S. 1831, p. 116 ; Blyth, Cat. p. 84; Horsf. M. Cat. i, p. 114; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 198; Beavan, Ibis, 1865, p. 406,1869, p. 406; Blyth, Ibis, 1866, p. 342; Adam, S. F. i, p. 371; Ball, S. F. ii, p. 385; vii, p. 203 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xliii, pt. 2, p. 153; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 83; Hume, S. F. in, p. 455; x, p. 349; xi, p. 40; id. Cat. no. 114; Butler, S. F. v, p. 227; ix, p. 381; Davison, S. F. v, p. 453; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 59: Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 48; Bingham, ibid. p. 151; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 295; Macgregor, ibid. p. 436; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 18 ; id. in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 51; C. H. T. Marshall, Ibis, 1884, p. 409 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 92; id. Jour. Bom. N. H. Soc. i, p. 43; iv, p. 8, pl. fig. 114 (egg); Hartert, Cat. B. M. xvi, p. 547.

Coloration. Male. General colour above brown or brownish grey, with indistinct black markings and with rufous edges and spots on the scapulars and wing-coverts; no black stripes on the back; a partial collar of buff spots, sometimes inconspicuous ; tail-feathers with distinct blackish cross-bands; a large white spot or band in the middle of the first four primaries; two outer pairs of tail-feathers entirely white except at the tip ; a white spot on the throat, the white feathers with dark tips, some rufous spots on the breast; rest of lower parts to breast mottled brown, the abdomen and lower tail-coverts buff, with bars on the former only.

The female has no white on the tail-feathers, which are all barred throughout, and the spots on the first four primaries are rufous buff.

Bill and gape pale brown; irides dark brown; legs and feet pale fleshy brown (Bingham).

Length about 10; tail 4.5; wing 7.5; tarsus, almost entirely naked, .82.

Distribution. Throughout the greater part of India, from Sambhar in Rajputana, Mount Abu and Kattywar to Mysore (but not apparently further south, nor in Ceylon); also throughout the Lower Himalayas, in Burma locally as far south as Amherst, in Cochin China and Southern China.

Habits, &c. This bird is badly named, for it is by no means a hill species ; its especial haunt appears to be thin forest. In the more jungly parts of the Southern Central Provinces I found it by far the commonest Nightjar. The call is very similar to that of 0. asiaticus. The eggs are usually cream-coloured, spotted and blotched with faint purple and pale brown, and measure about 1.16 by .84.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1090. Caprimulgus monticola
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Franklins Nightjar
Caprimulgus affinis monticolus
Vol. 3

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