25. THE FERRUGINOUS WOOD-PARTRIDGE.
Caloperdix oculea, (Temminck).
Tail of 14 feathers. Greater part of plumage chestnut.
Vernacular Names :—None known.
The Ferruginous Wood-Partridge occurs in the extreme south of Tenasserim about Maliwun and Bankasoon. It extends down to Malacca.
Absolutely nothing is known of the habits of this beautiful Partridge, and it is doubtful if any European has ever seen it in its native forests. It appears, however, to be easily trapped.
The late Mr. W. Davison, who allowed few opportunities to escape him of observing the habits of birds, was baffled by this Partridge, and he failed either to shoot or see it himself in the forests. The only specimens he got in Tenasserim he trapped. He found that one bird he examined had eaten insects and seeds.
The male and female of this species are alike, and have the whole head, neck, breast and belly chestnut, darkest on the crown and palest on the throat. There is a short and rather indistinct black band over the ear. The mantle is black, each feather with a white line parallel to the. edge of the feather and another one within it. The rump and tail-coverts are black, each feather with a triangular or arrowhead-shaped chestnut mark. The tail is black, the middle pair of feather with chestnut freckles. The closed wing is olive-brown, each feather with a round terminal black spot. The first ten quills of the wing are plain brown tipped with rufous. The sides of the breast and of the belly are black, barred with white or buff, and with some large black spots near the legs.
Length nearly 11; wing about 5 1/2 ; tail about 2 1/2; legs dull green ; irides deep brown; bill black. The weight of a female bird weighed by Mr. Davison was 8 oz.