(2199) Puffinus leucomelas.
The White-Fronted Shearwater.
Puffinus leucomelas Temm., Pl. Col., 587 (1836) (Seas of Japan).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Upper part of head, nape and neck dark brown, much mixed with wholly white feathers; the forehead and sides of the head white with dark brown centres to the feathers; in some specimens, possibly the oldest birds, the crown is nearly all dark brown; remainder of upper plumage dark brown, the mantle-feathers edged paler and in a few birds showing very fine white edges; upper tail-coverts paler and edged with white; wing-quills almost black; tail almost black, the outer feathers with a little white on the base of the inner webs ; axillaries and lower plumage pure white.
Colours of soft parts. Iris dark brown; bill dark horn-colour; legs and feet flesh-colour, the outer toe darker.
Measurements. Wing 305 to 339 mm. : tail 131 to 150 mm.; tarsus 46 to 54 mm.; culmen 48 to 53 mm.
Distribution. Japanese Seas South and East to Borneo and once to Cape York in N.E. Australia. Once obtained at Mount Lavinia in 1884, the skin being now in the Colombo Museum.
Habits. Hardly anything on record but, so far as is known, quite typical of the genus.