(544) Calliope pectoralis confusa.
The Eastern Ruby-throat.
Luscinia pectoralis confusa Hartert, Vog. Pal. i, p. 741 (Sikkim) Calliope pectoralis. Blanf, & Oates, ii, p. 103 (part.).
Vernacular names. Duogulugajao (Cachari).
Description. Differs from C. p. pectoralis in being very much deeper-coloured above and below; the tail is nearly always a blackish brown and the upper parts a deeper slaty, whilst the fore crown is blackish over a wider area.
Colours of soft parts as in the preceding bird.
Measurements. "Wing 68 to 75 mm.; tail 57 to 62 mm.
Distribution. Eastern Himalayas from Sikkim to the extreme East of Assam North of the Brahmaputra and South Tibet. In winter it is found throughout Assam, Manipur, Cachar and Sylhet.
Nidification. Nest and eggs appear to be exactly like those of Calliope calliope. Eggs taken by Capt. Steen, I.M.S.,on the 22nd June near Chumbi Valley, Tibet, are larger, measuring 22.2 x 15.4 mm. The nest was found on the ground in a hollow under the shelter of a bush.
Habits. Those of the genus. This seems to be a bird of very high levels breeding from 10,000 ft. up to at least 14,000 ft. In winter it does not wander into the plains, though it is common in and adjacent to the foot-hills in the Cachar and Sylhet districts.