99. Calliope camtschatkensis

99. SIBERIAN RUBY-THROAT.
CALLIOPE CAMTSCHATKENSIS.
Calliope camtschatkensis, (Gmel.) Syst. Nat. i. p. 817 (1788) ; Dresser, B. of E. ii. p. 341, pl. 52 ; Gould, B. of E. pl. 114 ; id. B. of Asia, iv. pl. 38 ; Taczanowski, J. f. O. 1873, Taf. i. (egg) ; Erithacus calliope, (Pall.) ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 305 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 335 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 102.
Gunpigora, Beng. ; Gangula, Nep.
Male ad. (Ural). Upper parts wood-brown tinged with olive, the head darker, a line from the forehead over the eye and a moustachial stripe white ; lores and space below the eye black ; throat and fore-neck bright scarlet and bordered with deep slate-grey ; upper breast brownish grey ; lower breast and flanks buffy grey, rest of the under parts white ; bill brown, whitish at the base ; legs plumbeous brown ; iris brown. Culmen 0.55, wing 3.0, tail 2.6, tarsus 1.1 inch. The female lacks the red throat, this part being dull white, the superciliary line is buffy white and the moustachial line is absent ; rest of the under parts dull light brown, but the centre of the abdomen is white. The young bird is mottled.
Hab. Asia, north to the Arctic Circle, east to Japan, south to Mongolia and northern China, wintering in southern China, Burma, India, and the Philippines ; has occurred in the Ural district and the Caucasus, and has strayed as far west in Europe as France, and possibly to England (cf. Ibis, 1901, p. 158).
It inhabits wooded localities near water, both on the plains and in the hills to the limit of tree growth, and is shy and wary in its habits, creeping amongst the dense willow thickets, and seldom venturing into the open when disturbed. Its song is soft and sweet, but somewhat unvaried. It feeds on insects which it obtains chiefly on the ground and constantly erects its tail when hopping about. Its nest is placed on the ground at the foot of a bush or amongst dense herbage, and is constructed of dried grasses and lined with fine bents. Its eggs, 4 or 5 in number, arc deposited late iii June or early in July, and are greenish blue sparingly marked, chiefly at the larger end, with pale red spots. In size they measure from 18.8 by 15.3 to 21.4 by 16 millimeters (from 0.74 by 0.60 to 0.84 by 0.63 inch).

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
99. Calliope camtschatkensis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
99
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
65
Common name: 
Siberian Ruby Throat
M_ID: 
28166
M_SN: 
Calliope calliope camtschatkensis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10804

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