Genus EROLIA

Genus EROLIA.

Erolia Vieill., Anal. nouv. Orn., p. 55 (1816).

Type by mon., Erolia variegata = E. ferruginea Brunnich.

In this genus the bill is flexible and slender, varying a good deal in length and either straight or slightly curving downwards; both mandibles are grooved and the small nostril is placed near the base; the tarsus is short and scutellated: there is a hind toe present and the anterior toes have no webs between them; the wing is long and pointed, the first primary longest; the tail is nearly square, with the central feathers pointed and projecting beyond the others.

In the present work I retain all the species accepted by Blanford as belonging to Tringa ( = Erolia) with the exception of the Knots, which are now generally accepted as belonging to a different genus and the Broad-billed Sandpiper, which is retained in a genus, Limicola, by itself and which is now universally accepted. This leaves seven species occurring within the limits of this work, whilst the genus, as a whole, may be said to be cosmopolitan.

Key to Species.

A. Bill straight. .
a. Culmen not exceeding 20 mm.; wing under 120 mm.
a1. All shafts of primaries more or less white
a2. Sides of head not rufous..................E. minuta, p. 234.
b2. Sides of head rufous..................E. ruficollis, p. 220.
b1. Shaft of first primary white, others brown
c2. Tail-feathers all brown..................E. subminuta, p. 236.
d2. Outer tail-feathers white..................E. temminckii, p. 237.
b. Culmen about 23 mm.; wing over 120 mm..................E. acuminata, p. 239.
B. Bill curbed downwards at the end.
c. Upper tail-coverts mostly white..................E. testacea, p. 240.
d. Upper tail-coverts blackish-brown..................E. alpina, p. 241.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.6 1929.
Title in Book: 
Genus EROLIA
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1929
Page No: 
233
M_ID: 
4321
M_SN: 
Calidris
Volume: 
Vol. 6
Term name: 
id: 
5054

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith