180. Tringa crassirostris.
THE EASTERN KNOT.
Male 11 1/2" to 12". Female 11 1/2" to 12". Legs dusky. Bill 1 1/2" to 2", black.— In winter: Breast mottled, brown spots heart-shaped. Above ashy, tipped white.— In summer: Breast-feathers black, with white cross-band. From Siberia migrating by China and Japan to the Malayan Archipelago and Australia, wandering to W. India and the Laccadives. (B. 1476. S.E. i. 240.)
Also T. canutus. 10". The Knot, really the Knut, from the king whose courtiers forgot the double tide in Southampton Water; the Latinisation of his name gives the specific Canutus. Flight strong and straight, and always alights head to wind. Back black, with chestnut spots. Upper tail-coverts white, with black bands. Axillaries white, with brown bars.
(ii.) Bill curved downwards near the tip.