Tringa crassirostris

Tringa crassirostris, Tem. & Schleg.

881bis. :- Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 249.

TEMMINCK'S KNOT.

Length, 11.35 to 12.0 ; expanse, 23.5 to 24 ; wing, 7.1 to 7.3 ; tail, 2.7 to 2.8 ; tarsus, 1.4 to 1.55 ; bill at front, 1.6 to 1.85.

Bill black, occasionally paler at base beneath ; legs and feet vary from dusky to pale plumbeous.

In the winter plumage the upper surface reminds one not a little of that of Totanus stagnatilis. The whole lower parts are white, but the base of the neck in front, and the sides, are marked with numerous small brown striae, and the upper breast, besides more or less of these striations, is mottled with larger pale brown spots, here and there interspersed with conspicuous heart-shaped blackish-brown spots, which are the first traces of the coming summer plumage.

Lores, top, back, and sides of the head and neck very pale greyish-brown, all the feathers narrowly streaked along the shaft with dark-brown ; the upper back and whole mantle is a mixture of pale brown and ashy, most of the feathers with blackish shafts, more or less darkly centred, and all conspicuously, though narrowly, margined and tipped with white ; lower back and rump brown, the feathers narrowly and regularly margined with white ; upper tail-coverts similar, but the white margins much broader and the brown more or less obsolete on many of them ; tail feathers greyish-brown, greyer and' somewhat darker on the central one, and paler and browner on the external ones, all are excessively narrowly, in fact almost obsoletely, bordered with white ; the primaries and their greater-coverts are hair-brown, most of the latter tipped white ; the secondaries and their greater-coverts are a pale somewhat greyish-brown, all of them narrowly, but the coverts less narrowly of the two, margined with white ; the wing-lining (except just at the margin of the wing which is mottled with brown), pure white ; the axillaries white with traces of irregular, wavy, pale brown bars ; there are a few elongated triangular pale brown dashes on the flanks, and in some specimens one or two larger blackish-brown spots pertaining to the summer plumage.

According to Schlegel, the summer plumage is as follows: :-

Feathers of the head and neck, each with a large dark-brown longitudinal streak or spot on an albescent ground, which is tinged with brownish-rufous on the nape. Feathers of the breast and nape, brownish-black, each with a whitish transverse band about the middle, often tinged with brownish-red towards the middle. The rest of the lower parts and the rump pure white, spotted, except towards the middle of the abdomen, with broader or narrower dark brown-spots.

Back and wings brownish-black, lighter on the wing-coverts ; all the feathers spotted and bordered with a bright brownish-rufous, gradually disappearing towards the edge of the wing. Lower wing-coverts white, becoming black at the base. :- Hume, Stray Feathers, Vol. 1, p, 240.

This species was found by Mr. Hume to be not uncommon in the Kurrachee Harbour during the cold season.

BookTitle: 
Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Reference: 
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Tringa crassirostris
Spp Author: 
Tem. & schleg.
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Year: 
1885
Page No: 
353
Common name: 
Temminck's Knot
M_ID: 
4322
M_CN: 
Great Knot
M_SN: 
Calidris tenuirostris
id: 
12021

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