Tringa crassirostris, Temm. and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 107, pl. 64 (1847) ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 468 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 332 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 600 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 894 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 277 ; Schoeniclus magnus, Gould, B. Austr, vi. pl. 33.
Male ad. (Kurile Isl.) Head and neck white closely striped with black ; back black very narrowly margined here and there with grey ; scapulars black with broad subterminal chestnut bands ; rump greyish ; tail-coverts white, the upper closely, the under tail-coverts sparingly spotted with black ; tail brownish grey ; quills blackish, the inner secondaries and wing-coverts dull ashy with white margins ; breast almost black ; rest of under parts white, the lower breast and upper flanks spotted with black ; bill brown ; legs grey ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.9, wing 7.0, tail 2.6, tarsus 1.35 inch. In winter the upper parts are pale brownish grey with whitish margins ; no red in the plumage, tail-coverts sparingly spotted with black ; under parts white, the neck striped, the breast and flanks faintly spotted with greyish brown.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, migrating south through Mongolia. Japan, and China to Burma, India, the Malay Archipelago, and Australia for the winter.
In general habits this species does not appear to differ from the Knot. Its nest and eggs are unknown.
1074. Tringa crassirostris