1472. Tringa ruficollis.
The Eastern Little Stint.
Trynga ruficollis, Pall. Reis. Russ. Reichs, iii, p. 700 (1776). Trynga salina, Pall. Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat. ii, p. 199 (1811). Totanus damacensis, pt., Horsf. Tr. Linn. Soc. xiii, p. 192 (1821). Tringa albescens, Temm. Pl. Col. pi. 41, fig. 2 (1823); R. Swinhoe, Ibis, 1864, p. 420; Walden, Ibis, 1873, p. 317 ; Legge, S. F. iii, p. 265; Hume, Cat no. 884 ter. Tringa minuta, apud Hume, S. F. ii. p. 298; Armstrong, S. F. iv, p. 342 ; Hume Dav. S. F. vi, p. 461: nec Linn. Tringa ruficollis, Oates, B. B. ii, p. 390. Tringa minuta ruficollis, Seebohm, Charadr. p. 437, pl. xv. Limonites ruficollis, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiv, p. 545.
In winter this Stint cannot be distinguished from the preceding by its plumage. It is, however, a larger bird, with a shorter, stouter, and blacker tarsus. The wing is generally more than 3.9 long, and the tarsus rarely exceeds .75. Some Burmese birds appear to be of intermediate size.
In summer the sides of the face, the throat, sides, and front of the neck and upper breast are rich ferruginous red, the chin alone remaining whits. The plumage elsewhere resembles that of T. minuta.
Bill, legs, and feet black ; irides dark brown (Armstrong).
Length 6.25 ; tail 1.7 ; wing 4 ; tarsus .75 ; bill from gape .8.
Distribution. Eastern Siberia in summer, Japan, China, and S. E. Asia, the Malayan Archipelago, and Australia in winter. This is the species common in suitable localities throughout Burma and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, but only occasional specimens appear to be found in India, west of the Bay of Bengal.
Dr. Sharpe has examined the two type-specimens of Horsfield's Totanus damacensis, and finds that one belongs to the present species and one to T. subminuta; but the words in Horsfield's brief description, " rachidibus primorum albis" (shafts of the primaries white), are applicable to T. ruficollis only.