1061. Tringa maculata

1061. Pectoral Sandpiper.
Tringa maculata, Vieill. Nouv. Dict, xxxiv. p. 465 (1819) ; Dresser, viii. p. 11, pl. 546 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 562 ; Bidgway, p. 156 ; Saunders, p. 579 ; Lilford, v. pp. 76, 78, pls. 31, 32 ; Poynting, p. 135, pl. 29 ; T. pectoralis (Say), in Longs. Exp. i. p. 171 (1823) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 327 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit, iv. pl. 67 ; Audub. B. Am. 8vo ed., v. p. 259, pl. 329.
Male ad. (N. America). Crown and upper parts blackish brown with greyish and ochreous buff margins, the rump blackish ; middle tail- feathers blackish, narrowly margined with ochreous brown, the rest dusky cinereous tipped with white ; primaries blackish, the shaft of the first one white ; wing-coverts blackish grey with pale grey margins ; chin white ; sides of head, neck, upper breast, and flanks greyish, clearly striped with blackish brown, the last washed with pale buff ; bill greenish black, light olive-green at base ; legs clay-yellow ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.2, wing 5.0, tail 2.3, tarsus 1.1 inch. Sexes alike. In autumn the feathers on the upper parts are more uniform, the lighter markings less buffy, and the black less distinct, the throat and breast whiter and less distinctly striped.
Hab. Arctic and subarctic North America in summer, migrat┬Čing south to the West Indies and South America for the winter ; Greenland ; of accidental occurrence in Great Britain.
Frequents damp localities, meadow-land and marshes, and on migration is not found in flocks but singly or in pairs, and when flushed rises like a Snipe, uttering a sharp cry. Like its allies it feeds on coleoptera larvae, small aquatic insects, and also on some species of seaweed. In the spring the male inflates its throat to more than double the natural size, and utters a deep, hollow, resonant, but musical note, too-u, too-u, many times repeated, this note or song being uttered both when on the wing and on the ground. It breeds in Arctic America on the ground, usually in a tuft of grass, and in June deposits 4 eggs, which are drab, sometimes with a greenish tinge, spotted and blotched with umber-brown, and measure about 1.49 by 1.07.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1061. Tringa maculata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Pectoral Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris melanotos
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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