1072. Pigmy Curlew.
Tringa subarquata (Guld), Nov. Comm. Petrop, xix. p. 471, Tab. xviii. (1775) ; Naum. vii. p. 408, Taf. 185 ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 328 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 68 ; Audub. B. Am. pl. 263 ; Dresser, viii. p. 59, pl. 558 ; David and Oust, Ois. Chine, p. 472 : (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 587 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 925 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 278 ; Saunders, p. 591 ; Lilford, v. p. 91, pl. 38 ; Newton, P.Z.S. 1897, p. 890, pl. li. (eggs) ; “Tr. ferruginea, Brunn.” Ridgway, p. 160.
Becasseau cocorli, French ; Churra, Siseta-rocha, Span. ; Pio¬vanello, Ital. ; Bogenschnabliger-Strandlaufer, German ; Krombek-Strandlooper, Dutch ; Krumnoebet-Ryle, Dan. ; Krumnoebet Strandvibe, Norweg. ; Spofsnappa, Swed. ; Pitkanokka-sirriainen, Finn.
Male ad. (Spain). General colour of plumage rich rusty or fox-red, the feathers on the upper parts marked with black, and some margined with greyish white ; quills brownish black ; wing-coverts dull ashy with pale margins ; rump dark grey ; upper and under tail-coverts white, slightly barred with blackish ; tail grey with paler margins ; bill and legs greenish black ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 4.88, tail 2.35, tarsus 1.5 inch. Sexes alike. In winter the rust-red is absent, the upper parts being dull grey with indistinct darker stripes, the under parts white, the sides of the head and throat pencilled with dark grey.
Hab. The extreme northern parts of Asia in summer, at other seasons most parts of Europe, the whole of Africa and Madagascar, Asia south through India and China to Australia ; of occasional occurrence in Western N. America and Alaska.
Frequents the sea shore, sandy places, mud-flats, &c., together with other Sandpipers, often in large flocks, and in general habits is very similar to the Dunlin, but its call-note differs. It is only recently that its nest and eggs have been known, Mr. H. L. Popham having found it breeding at the mouth of the Yenesei River in Northern Siberia. The nest was a rather deep hollow in the reindeer moss on a low ridge of ground, somewhat drier than the surrounding swampy tundra, and contained 4 eggs, which resemble those of Gallinago coelestis except in size, as they measure only 1.47 to 1.40 by 1.02 to 1.
1072. Tringa subarquata
1072. Pigmy Curlew.