Tringa canutus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 251 (1766) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 324 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit, iv. pl. 65 ; Dresser, viii. p. 77, pls. 555, 556 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 469 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 333 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 593 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 894 ; Ridgway, p. 153 ; Saunders, p. 595 ; Lilford, v. p. 95, pls. 40, 41 ; T. islandica, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. pt. ii. add. (1767) ; Naum vii. p. 372, Taf. 183.
Becasseau maubeche, French ; Churra, Span. ; Piovanello mag¬giore, Ital. ; Rostrother Strandlaufer, German ; Kanoet-Strand-looper, Dutch ; Randbrystingr, Icel. ; Islandsk-Ryle, Dan. ; Stor-Strandvibe, Norweg. ; Kustsnappa, Swed. ; Ranta-sirriainen, Finn.
Male ad. (Spain). Crown, nape, and hind neck light rust-red and white striped with black ; upper parts black, strongly marked with rufous and with white edges ; rump and upper tail-coverts white, barred with black and tinged with rufous ; primaries blackish, secondaries and wing-coverts dark grey, most tipped with white ; tail grey, narrowly margined with white ; throat, neck, and under parts rust-red, middle of abdomen and tail-coverts white, the latter with narrow black stripes ; bill and legs blackish ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 6.7, tail 2.6, tarsus 1.25 inch. Sexes alike. In winter there is no red in the plumage, the upper parts being greyish ash, with faint dark stripes ; under parts white, the throat, sides of neck, breast, and Hanks slightly striped and marked with dull ashy grey.
Hab. The extreme north of the Old World in summer, passing through Europe to South Africa, Asia to Australia, and North America to Brazil for the winter ; Japan, but not found in India in winter.
Is usually met with in small flocks on our coasts, where it frequents the sea shore, mud-flats, and sand-banks, feeding on small crustaceans, mollusca, worms, aquatic insects, &c. It is known to breed in Grinnell Land, the Melville Peninsula, and the Parry Islands, and the young in down have been ob¬tained, but the only authentic egg known is said to be a specimen in the Smithsonian Museum at Washington.
1073. Tringa canutus