Genus CALANDRELLA

The genus Calandrella contains the Short-toed Larks, of which four fairly distinct and recognizable species occur in India.

In Calandrella the bill is somewhat deep and short, and the nostrils are concealed from view by plumelets ; there are nine primaries only in the wing, and the first is long and reaches to the tip; the tertiaries are lengthened and reach to the end of the primaries or nearly so; the hind claw is rather longer than the hind toe and gently curved.

The Short-toed Larks are fond of dry sandy ground, and their habits are similar to those of the Sky-Larks. The song, however, is weak and monotonous.

Key to the Species.

a. Pale part of inner web of outermost tail-feather of large extent, more than an inch in length. a1. Light part of outermost tail-feather pale buff.
a2. General colour of lower plumage whitish ; wing generally under 3.6………………..C. brachydactyla, p. 327.
b2. General colour of lower plumage fulvous; wing generally over 3.9………………..C. dukhunensis, p. 328.
b1. Light part of outermost tail-feather white………………..C. tibetana, p. 329.
b. Pale part of inner web of outermost tail-feather of very small extent, much less than an inch in length………………..C. acutirostris, p. 329.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
Genus CALANDRELLA
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
327
M_ID: 
21649
M_SN: 
Calandrella
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
1178

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