563. Calandrella pispoletta

563. Pallas’ Short-toed Lark.
Calandrella pispoletta (Pall.), Zoogr. Boss. As. i. p. 526 (1811) ; Dresner, iv. p. 355, pl. 237 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 587 ; C. cheleensis (Swinh.), P.Z.S. 1871, p. 390 ; C. heinei (E. von Homeyer), J. f. O. 1873, p. 197 ; C. persica (Sharpe), op. cit. p. 590.
Male ad. (Volga). Upper parts dark earth grey, striped with blackish brown and without any tinge of rufous ; secondaries fully an inch shorter than the longest primary ; outer rectrices white, with a broad brown stripe on the inner web, the next with the outer web only white ; under parts white, the breast tinged with buff, and finely striped with dark brown ; flanks washed with brown and striped with darker brown ; beak dull horn, paler at the base below ; legs pale brown ; iris dark brown. Cul¬men 0.5, wing 3.85, tail 2.5, tarsus 0.85, hind toe with claw 0.6 inch.
Hab. Asia Minor, S. Russia, Persia, Afghanistan, the Punjab, east to China.
Inhabits the desert portions of the steppes where it is numerous, and in general habits is said to resemble C. brachydactyla. I do not find any description of its song except that it is said to be of a high order. Its food, like that of its congeners, consists of seeds of various kinds and of insects. Its nest is loosely constructed of dry grass bents without any regular lining, and is placed on the ground. The eggs, usually 3 in number, are deposited in April or May, and resemble those of C. brachydactyla but are a trifle larger, have a clearer and paler ground colour, and the spots are rather darker and more clearly defined.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
563. Calandrella pispoletta
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Pallas’ Short Toed Lark
Lesser Short-toed Lark
Calandrella rufescens
Vol. 1

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