561. Calandrella minor

561. LESSER SHORT-TOED LARK.
CALANDRELLA MINOR.
Calandrella minor (Cab.), Mus. Hein. i. p. 123 (1850) ; Dresser, iv p. 349, pl. 236, fig. 1 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 588 ; C. reboudia, (Loche), Cat. Mam. and Ois. Alger, p. 83 (1858).
Siloa, Tliesch, Arab.
Male ad. (Algeria). Differs from C. brachydactyla in having much shorter secondaries, usually 0.75 to 1.0 inch shorter than the longest primary, and in lacking the blackish patch on each side of the breast, this being spotted or narrowly striped with dark brown ; soft parts as in C. pispoletta. Culmen 0.45, wing 3.5, tail 2.05, tarsus 0.73 inch.
Hab. Canary Islands ; North Africa east to Egypt, Palestine, and the countries bordering the Persian Gulf ; has occurred in Malta and Italy as a rare straggler.
Frequents dry arid plains and is as a rule shy. Throughout its range it appears to be a resident, and after the breeding season collects in small flocks, and wanders about the country in search of food, which consists of seeds of various kinds and also to some extent of insects. Its nest is placed on the ground, usually in a tussock of grass or under the shelter of a stone, and is constructed of dry grass-bents. Its eggs, which are deposited from April to June, usually 3 in number, are dull white with a creamy tinge, spotted and blotched with dull brown or dark clay-coloured surface-marks, and violet-grey shell-blotches, and in size average about 0.82 by 0.65. Its song, which is exceedingly sweet and melodious, is uttered whilst the bird is on the wing.
Examples from the Canaries have the upper parts rufous brown, and the breast more strongly spotted, and have been separated by Mr. Hartert (Bull, B.O. Club xi, p. 64) under the name of Calandrella pispoletta canariensis.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
561. Calandrella minor
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
561
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
394
Common name: 
Lesser Short Toed Lark
M_ID: 
21677
M_CN: 
Lesser Short-toed Lark
M_SN: 
Calandrella rufescens
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10486

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith