(1227) Alaudula rufescens persica,
Alaudula persica Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 590 (1890) (Niris in Persia); Blanf. & Oates, ii. p. 331.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Whole upper plumage and wings pale sandy-brown faintly tinged with fulvous and with broad central brown streaks; middle pair of rectrices sandy with darker centres; lateral tail-feathers dark brown with narrow sandy-fulvous edges, the penultimate pair white on the outer web and the outermost pair white on the outer web and on the inner web next the shaft; lores, indistinct supercilium, cheeks and ear-coverts pale buff; lower plumage buffy-white, more tinged with fulvous on the breast and flanks and streaked with brown, boldly on the breast, faintly on the flanks.
Colours of soft parts. Iris grey-brown or brown; bill homy-grey, darker on the culmen and yellowish below; legs and feet fleshy.
Measurements. Wing 86 to 105 mm.; tail 60 to 64 mm.; tarsus 20 to 22 mm.; culmen 10 to 11 mm.
Distribution. Breeding in South-East Persia to Afghanistan. Wintering in North-West India in Sind.
Nidification. Nothing on record. A pair of eggs in my collection taken by Barnes near Peshawar, Afghanistan, on the 1st of May are similar to those of the Ganges and Indus Sand-Larks but are a little more definitely yellowish in tint.
Habits. As far as is recorded similar to those of other Sand-Larks but a frequenter of open sandy or stony wastes rather than the sandy banks and islands of rivers. There are specimens in the British Museum collected in Sind during the Winter, so presumably this race is more or less migratory.